Log in Sign up. English to Spanish. A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives e. Lara picked a pebble from the ground and threw it at me. We drank tea in china cups. Rice was served in porcelain bowls. Regionalism used in the Dominican Republic. Can you bring me some oranges from the store? A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech e.
We played guess the hand to see whose turn it was. A word or phrase that is seldom used in contemporary language and is recognized as being from another decade, e. The gaucho and his woman sheared the sheep.
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language e. The dealer had lumps of hashish and ecstasy pills. The police found cocaine, heroin, and pieces of hashish. An offensive word or phrase used to degrade a person or group of people based on race, gender, sexual preference, etc.
Dile a la china que ponga la mesa. Tell the serving girl to set the table. Regionalism used in the United States. Lucas shot at the bird with his slingshot. The vandals broke the windows with their handheld catapults.Pathinettam padi cast attukal suran
A proper noun refers to the name of a person, place, or thing. Jose traveled to China to study Mandarin. A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea e. Does not include Spain. Indian woman. As mentioned above in recital 18 only one company in the PRC replied partly to the questionnaire. Cuota de mercado china.Rvs college of engineering and technology coimbatore
Market share PRC. However, all these imports were from a company in the PRC which was not found to be dumping. Chinese food. Chinese nationality. Have you tried it yet?
Here's what's included:. Word of the Day. SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website.The strength, and translucence of porcelain, relative to other types of potteryarises mainly from vitrification and the formation of the mineral mullite within the body at these high temperatures.1179 Basic Chinese Words - HSK 1 to 4 Vocabulary (汉语口语水平)
Though definitions vary, porcelain can be divided into three main categories: hard-pastesoft-paste and bone china. The category that an object belongs to depends on the composition of the paste used to make the body of the porcelain object and the firing conditions.
Porcelain slowly evolved in China and was finally achieved depending on the definition used at some point about 2, to 1, years ago, then slowly spread to other East Asian countries, and finally Europe and the rest of the world.Baby born interactive doll girl
Its manufacturing process is more demanding than that for earthenware and stonewarethe two other main types of pottery, and it has usually been regarded as the most prestigious type of pottery for its delicacy, strength, and its white colour. It combines well with both glazes and paint, and can be modelled very well, allowing a huge range of decorative treatments in tablewares, vessels and figurines. It also has many uses in technology and industry.
The European name, porcelain in English, comes from the old Italian porcellana cowrie shell because of its resemblance to the surface of the shell. Porcelain has been described as being "completely vitrified, hard, impermeable even before glazingwhite or artificially coloured, translucent except when of considerable thicknessand resonant". Traditionally, East Asia only classifies pottery into low-fired wares earthenware and high-fired wares often translated as porcelainthe latter also including what Europeans call stonewarewhich is high-fired but not generally white or translucent.
Terms such as "proto-porcelain", "porcellaneous" or "near-porcelain" may be used in cases where the ceramic body approaches whiteness and translucency. Hard-paste porcelain was invented in China, and also used in Japanese porcelainand most of the finest quality porcelain wares are in this material.
Kaolinite, feldspar and quartz or other forms of silica continue to constitute the basic ingredients for most continental European hard-paste porcelains. Soft-paste porcelains date back from the early attempts by European potters to replicate Chinese porcelain by using mixtures of clay and frit. Soapstone and lime were known to have been included in these compositions.
These wares were not yet actual porcelain wares as they were not hard nor vitrified by firing kaolin clay at high temperatures. As these early formulations suffered from high pyroplastic deformation, or slumping in the kiln at high temperatures, they were uneconomic to produce and of low quality.
Formulations were later developed based on kaolin with quartz, feldspars, nepheline syenite or other feldspathic rocks.
These were technically superior, and continue to be produced. Soft-paste porcelains are fired at lower temperatures than hard-paste porcelain, therefore these wares are generally less hard than hard-paste porcelains. Although originally developed in England in  to compete with imported porcelain, bone china is now made worldwide, including China.
Traditionally, English bone china was made from two parts of bone ashone part of kaolin and one part china stonealthough the latter has largely been replaced by feldspars from non-UK sources. Kaolin is the primary material from which porcelain is made, even though clay minerals might account for only a small proportion of the whole.
The word paste is an old term for both the unfired and fired materials. A more common terminology for the unfired material is "body"; for example, when buying materials a potter might order an amount of porcelain body from a vendor.
The composition of porcelain is highly variable, but the clay mineral kaolinite is often a raw material. Other raw materials can include feldsparball clayglass, bone ashsteatitequartzpetuntse and alabaster. The clays used are often described as being long or short, depending on their plasticity.Chinese potteryalso called Chinese ceramicsobjects made of clay and hardened by heat: earthenwarestoneware, and porcelainparticularly those made in China. Nowhere in the world has pottery assumed such importance as in China, and the influence of Chinese porcelain on later European pottery has been profound.
The earliest evidence for art in any form in ancient China consists of crude cord-marked pottery and artifacts decorated with geometric designs found in Mesolithic sites in northern China and in the Guangdong-Guangxi regions. The dating for prehistoric culture in China is still very uncertain, but this material is probably at least 7, or 8, years old. The art of the Neolithic Period represents a considerable advance.
The Yangshao Painted Pottery culture, named after the first Neolithic site discovered inhad its centre around the eastern bend of the Huang He Yellow Riverand it is now known to have extended across northern China and up into Gansu province. Yangshao pottery consists chiefly of full-bodied funerary storage jars made by the coiling, or ringmethod.
They are decorated, generally on the upper half only, with a rich variety of geometric designs, whorls, volutes, and sawtooth patterns executed in black and red pigment with sweeping, rhythmic brushwork that foreshadows the free brush painting of historical periods.
Some of the pottery from the village site of Banpo c. Dating for the dominant phase of the Yangshao culture may be put roughly between and bce. Over this span of two millennia the Yangshao culture progressed generally westward along the Huang He and Wei River valleys from sites in central China, such as Banpo, to sites farther west, such as Miaodigou, Majiayao, Banshan, and Machang.
The art produced at these villages exhibits a clear and logical stylistic evolution, leading from representational designs to linear abstraction the latter with occasional symbolic references. The last major phase of the Neolithic Period is represented by the Longshan culturedistinguished particularly by the black pottery of its later stages c.
Longshan is named after the site of its discovery inin Shandong province, although evidence increasingly suggests origins to the south along the China coast, in Jiangsu province. Its remains are widely distributed, in some sites lying directly over a Painted Pottery stratum, indicating that the Longshan culture replaced the Yangshao. In other areas there is evidence of a mixed culture, including elements of both Yangshao and Longshan, that occurred between these stages.
By contrast with the Yangshao, the fully developed Longshan pottery is wheel-made and especially thinly potted. The finest specimens have a dark gray or black body burnished to a hard, smooth surface that is occasionally incised but never painted, giving it a metallic appearance.
The occasional use of open-worked design and the simulation of lugs and folded plating all suggest the highly skilled imitation of contemporary valuable copper wares no longer extant ; the existence of such copper wares heralded the transition from a lithic to a metallic culture. At this point, the superior calibre of Chinese ceramics was first attained. In Yangshao pottery, emphasis was on funerary wares.
The delicate potting of the Longshan ware and the prevalence of offering stands and goblets suggest that these vessels were made not for burial but for sacrificial rites connected with the worship of ancestral spirits. Ritual vessels, oracle bones used by shamans in divinationceremonial jade objects and ornaments, and architecture pounded-earth foundations, protective city walls, rectilinear organization reflect an advanced material culture on the threshold of the Bronze Age.
This culture continued in outlying areas long after the coming of bronze technology to the central Henan—Shaanxi—southern Shanxi region. The Shang dynasty saw several important advances in pottery technology, including the development of a hard-bodied, high-fire stoneware and pottery glazes. A small quantity of stoneware is covered with a thin, hard, yellowish green glaze applied in liquid form to the vessel.
Shang potters also developed a fine soft-bodied white ware, employing kaolin later used in porcelain ; this ware was probably for ceremonial use and was decorated with motifs similar to those on the ritual bronzes. The only known complete specimen of a fine white stoneware dating from about bce is decorated with chevrons linked V-shapes and a key-fret pattern, the shoulder motifs being reminiscent of those seen on contemporary bronze vessels.
Much cruder imitations of bronze vessels also occur in the ubiquitous gray pottery of the Shang dynasty. Chinese pottery Article Media Additional Info.
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Article Contents. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites.No, indeed; and I was a very foolish old jug to think of sticking myself in with the chinaware.
They had brought with them furniture, paintings, and chinaware from England and France, and their homes were gracious and livable. On the basis of mere cost of service, it would seem as if boxes of chinaware should have a lower rating than casks. On the screen, the Chinaware Department on the third floor came to life in full sound and color.
Under the official classification, chinaware is rated first class if in boxes, and second class in casks. Top Definitions Quizzes Examples British chinaware.
Can you guess what they mean? Words nearby chinaware China silkchina stoneChina syndromeChinatownChina treechinawareChina Whitechin ballchinbeakchinbonechin cactus.
Example sentences from the Web for chinaware No, indeed; and I was a very foolish old jug to think of sticking myself in with the chinaware. Family Pride Mary J. Railroads: Rates and Regulations William Z. Need Homework Help?Script error: No such module "Infobox Chinese". The official name is People's Republic of China. The last Chinese Civil War — resulted in two different political powers today:. China is one of the world's oldest civilizations: it has the oldest continuous civilization.
China has been the source of many major inventions. The first recorded use of the word "China" is dated Ancient China was one of the first civilizations and was active since the 2nd millennium BC as a feudal society. Chinese civilization was also one of the few to invent writing with the others being Mesopotamiathe Indus Valley civilizationthe Maya civilizationthe Minoan civilization of ancient Greeceand Ancient Egypt.
Home of Confucianism and Daoismit had great influence on nearby countries including Japan, Korea, and Vietnam in the areas of political system, philosophy, religion, art, writing and literature. China is home to some of the oldest artwork in the world. Statues and pottery, as well as decorations made of jadeare some classic examples.
Before the Qin Dynasty united China, there were hundreds of small states that fought each other for hundreds of years in a war to control China. This is known as the Warring States Period. Although the continuing wars made people suffer, it was at this time when many great philosophies were born, including Confucianism and Daoism. Confucianism and Daoism alone have been the foundation of many social values seen in modern eastern-Asian cultures today.
Its geography mostly looked like that of modern China, except with northern and western edges that varied. It was often attacked by northern nomadic people such as the Turkic peoples and the Mongols led by Genghis Khan and Kublai Khan. During the history of ancient China, the northern nomadic people and the Chinese people had been fighting each other and taking turns to rule the land and the people of China.
However, when the northern people beat the Chinese people and came to rule the kingdom, they also Incorporated the Chinese way of living and became like the Chinese. Many of the strongest dynasties of China were ruled by the northern people, including the QinTangYuan Mongolianand Qing. Each time, they also brought new elements into the Chinese culture.
While China achieved many things in the First millennium and early 2nd millenniumit became an isolationist country in the 15th century C. This was because Spain found enormous silver in the new continent, which was the main currency money in China and Europe at the time, and China did not want to be bought by the foreigners. By the time of the RenaissanceEuropean powers started to take over other countries in Asia. While China was never actually taken over, many European countriessuch as Britain and France built spheres of influence in China.
Since China had cut itself off from the world over the previous few centuriesby the Qing Dynastyit had fallen behind other countries in technologyand was helpless to stop this from happening. This had become clear when it lost the Opium Wars to Britain in the 19th century. Still influenced by Western sources, China faced internal strife.
Hong Xiuquan was influenced by Christian missionaries and declared himself the brother of Jesus. Hong made his mission to bring down the Qing Dynasty. Gaining influence on the southern Chinese population, the Taiping Rebellion attracted tens of thousands of supporters.12 pounds in kg
The Taiping regime successfully created a state within the Qing Empire with the capital at Nanjing.Pottery is the process and the products of forming vessels and other objects with clay and other ceramic materials, which are fired at high temperatures to give them a hard, durable form. Major types include earthenwarestoneware and porcelain. The place where such wares are made by a potter is also called a pottery plural "potteries". The definition of pottery used by the American Society for Testing and Materials ASTMis "all fired ceramic wares that contain clay when formed, except technical, structural, and refractory products.
Much pottery is purely utilitarian, but much can also be regarded as ceramic art. A clay body can be decorated before or after firing.
Clay-based pottery can be divided into three main groups: earthenwarestoneware and porcelain. These require increasingly more specific clay material, and increasingly higher firing temperatures. All three are made in glazed and unglazed varieties, for different purposes. All may also be decorated by various techniques. In many examples the group a piece belongs to is immediately visually apparent, but this is not always the case.
The fritware of the Islamic world does not use clay, so technically falls outside these groups. Historic pottery of all these types is often grouped as either "fine" wares, relatively expensive and well-made, and following the aesthetic taste of the culture concerned, or alternatively "coarse", "popular", "folk" or "village" wares, mostly undecorated, or simply so, and often less well-made.
All the earliest forms of pottery were made from clays that were fired at low temperatures, initially in pit-fires or in open bonfires. They were hand formed and undecorated. However, earthenware has had a continuous history from the Neolithic period to today. It can be made from a wide variety of clays, some of which fire to a buff, brown or black colour, with iron in the constituent minerals resulting in a reddish-brown. Reddish coloured varieties are called terracottaespecially when unglazed or used for sculpture.
The development of ceramic glaze made impermeable pottery possible, improving the popularity and practicality of pottery vessels. The addition of decoration has evolved throughout its history.
In contrast, stoneware could only be produced in Europe from the late Middle Ages, as European kilns were less efficient, and the right type of clay less common. It remained a speciality of Germany until the Renaissance. Stoneware is very tough and practical, and much of it has always been utilitarian, for the kitchen or storage rather than the table.
But "fine" stoneware has been important in China, Japan and the West, and continues to be made. Many utilitarian types have also come to be appreciated as art. This is higher than used for the other types, and achieving these temperatures was a long struggle, as well as realizing what materials were needed. The toughness, strength and translucence of porcelain, relative to other types of pottery, arises mainly from vitrification and the formation of the mineral mullite within the body at these high temperatures.
Although porcelain was first made in China, the Chinese traditionally do not recognise it as a distinct category, grouping it with stoneware as "high-fired" ware, opposed to "low-fired" earthenware. This confuses the issue of when it was first made. A degree of translucency and whiteness was achieved by the Tang dynasty AD —and considerable quantities were being exported.
The modern level of whiteness was not reached until much later, in the 14th century. Porcelain was also made in Korea and in Japan from the end of the 16th century, after suitable kaolin was located in those countries.
It was not made effectively outside East Asia until the 18th century. Before being shaped, clay must be prepared. Kneading helps to ensure an even moisture content throughout the body. Air trapped within the clay body needs to be removed.Tableware made of china. All rights reserved. Ceramics articles made of china, esp those made for domestic use. Copyright, by Random House, Inc. Switch to new thesaurus. Based on WordNet 3. Mentioned in?
References in classic literature? Surprised, he upturned an ear toward the McCaskey apartment, where the crash of irons and chinaware and the ring of hurled kitchen utensils seemed as loud as before. View in context. Filling a coffee-pot and frying-pan with part of my plunder, and taking some chinaware from the cabin pantry, I left Wolf Larsen lying in the sun and went ashore.
He was a burly man who manouevered it in the way a father of quadruplets would push their buggy through a chinaware shop. Save the planet: Bring back the sweet trolley -- Stephen Jardine. The partnership will reportedly provide fresh chinaware to complement a vast array of products for the hospitality industry. Hospitality operating equipment and uniforms supplier partners with tableware supplier.
The new range - which is debuting on the carrier's European routes - includes new menus, tableware, cutlery and chinaware. Qatar Airways revamps premium dining offering. Such occasions are traditionally celebrated with official products like plates or mugs, as was the case in when a new range of official chinaware was released by the RCT for Princess Charlotte's birth. Meghan Markle and Prince Harry 'not releasing official royal baby merchandise'; The Royal Collection Trust has reportedly that there will be no merchandise line released to celebrate the arrival of Meghan and Harry's baby.
A new exclusive chinawarecutlery, glassware, linens and bedding collections have been launched to provide Oman Air premium guests with a unique, bespoke experience. New Boeing Dreamliner joins Oman Air fleet. The new dining concept features newly-designed tableware, in-flight dining menus, cutlery and chinaware that are specially crafted to meet travellers' high expectations and elevate their experience on board the airline's award-winning aircraft.
QA passengers enjoy special menu, receive amenity kits. Once again everyone who wishes to take part in the grand tradition of Afternoon Tea served with two or three tier stands of Fine Bone Chinaware on tables set elegantly on linen tablecloths.
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